PALM TREES

Palm Trees

Palm trees are considered one of the most important crops spread in many regions of the world, due to the importance of dates in providing the needs of different societies with food, as the date is considered a completed food in itself.The cultivated palm areas increase exponentially, and work is always done to improve and increase the production quantities of dates, reduce losses and reduce the cost of production to make the dates accessible to all.Among the pioneering processes to improve palm production is the addition of zeolites to the soil in the date palm plantations, and to the soil of modern seedlings, as well as placing it in warehouses designated for storing dates.

Benefits of adding zeolite to a fruitful palm:

The addition of zeolite and through its different properties achieved the following benefits in the palm during the fruiting stage:

Increase the soil stock of water available for palm trees and reduce evaporation:

The ability of zeolite to retain water, whether in its pores or in the gaps between the stratum, reduces the loss of water by evaporation or sedimentation outside the root zone, and this process increases the efficiency of water use and maintains a suitable moisture content of the palm for a longer period which reduces the need to repeat the irrigation process (a decrease has been recorded in The amount of irrigation water is more than 50% in sandy soil conditions and high temperature), and the more zeolites added to a single palm, the greater its ability to store water without any side effects on the palm.The addition of zeolite works to reduce the fluctuation of the quantities of water available to the roots in the periods between irrigation, which reduces some physiological phenomena such as crust swelling and separation. The appropriate time to dilute and cut irrigation water from the palm trees must be taken into account in the period of wet-turning to dates in the case of zeolite addition.

Increasing the availability of added fertilizers and providing them to palm trees regularly:

Zeolite acts as a repository of added fertilizers, especially positives such as potassium, ammonium and various rare elements.It supplies it to the plant regularly and as needed, and prevents its loss by washing or volatilizing or others, and this reduces the need to add extra quantities of fertilizer to compensate for the losses, and at the same time increases the ability of the palm to absorb more quantities of different fertilizers and its reflection on the growth of the palm and the production quantities (a number And size).

Improving the physical and chemical properties of the soil around the palm roots:

Zeolite, when added to clay soils, disassembles it, increases its ventilation, and improves water entry rates (reducing runoff), while it works in sandy soil to hold together and improve its structure and increase its ability to retain water and nutrients, and in saline soils it excludes sodium and replaces it with calcium that is beneficial to palm health .In all cases, this leads to a noticeable increase in the root mass, and homogeneity of the roots spread, which increases the ability of the palm to absorb greater amounts of water and nutrients and thus the ability of the roots to provide the needs of the total vegetation of the palm completely.

Results on produced palm trees

Improve the general health of the palm and increase its immunity against various pests and diseases:

Zeolite improves the general condition of palm trees by providing more favorable conditions for the palm, which leads to increased growth, size and health of the leaves and an increase in the period of their stay on the palm, and makes the palm more able to resist and tolerate various diseases, as the Zeolite improves the physical and chemical properties of the soil, It reduces the occurrence of palm soil diseases such as root rot.

Increase the production amount:

The positive effect of adding zeolite on the general condition of the palm increases the ability of the palm to carry a greater number of veins and thus a greater number of dates in the palm, in addition to this the increase in the volume of dates, all of which leads to increased production (more than 25% increase in production has been recorded ).

Increasing the size of fruits and improving the quality of production «Reducing bloating and separation of the crust» :

The establishment of zeolite by providing a continuous, moderate source of water and nutrients leads to large volume of fruits and raising their quality, and also leads to mitigating the phenomenon of air sacs in the fruit (peeling), although the cause of this phenomenon is not definitively determined, but the addition of zeolite has limited the occurrence of this phenomenon in the produced dates.

Rate and methods of adding zeolite to the produced palm

  • Age 7 and above add 100 kg to each date palm and add back after 10 years
  • Age less than 7 years (originally planted) is added at a rate of 50 kg per palm tree and added back after the palm has reached the productive life
  • When planting, add 30 kg in the cultivation process "mix with the soil", then plant and re-add after the date of the palm reaches the productive age.

Zeolite is added in the following ways:

Ground Digger (Auger) Drilling 8-10 round about the palm tree and mix in each hole 10-12 kg

 

 

            

  • Dig a deep trench around the palm (depth of at least 70 cm) and mix it with the soil.

 

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Benefits of adding zeolite to seedlings soil:

As a result of adding zeolite to the soil of modern seedlings, the following benefits are achieved:

Encouraging root growth:

The addition of zeolite in a suitable ratio to a mixture of rooting medium, whether ordinary soil or any other mixture, works to create a stimulating medium for the release and growth of roots in terms of providing the correct percentage of moisture (without drying or dumping), as well as raising the temperature of the medium slightly, which encourages the growth of roots, especially at times The cold.

Improving ventilation and reducing root diseases:

Zeolite works to increase soil aeration in the area of root growth and prevent suffocation, and this helps to prevent diseases resulting from increased irrigation, especially fungal diseases, including root rot.

Results on seedlings:

Zeolite treatments showed the following results:

Increase success rate, encourage seed growth, and reduce seed loss:

Increasing root growth and reducing diseases leads to an increase in the amount of healthy seedlings and a decrease in the number of lost seedlings as a result of various reasons,This is reflected in reducing costs and increasing profits resulting from selling or planting seedlings in future expansions.

Facilitating take-offs and transfersprocesses.

Adding zeolite to the soil of seedlings, especially those planted directly in the ground (not in bottles or sacks), facilitates future stripping processes without significantly affecting the roots and thus increases the odds of success in the replanting operations.

 

Rate and methods of adding zeolite to seedlings:             

The zeolite is mixed with 15% of the soil designated for planting seedlings in it (whether on the ground or in the containers and bags intended for cultivation), where it is mixed with the soil and any other materials and it must be ensured that the zeolite is absorbed with water immediately after planting.

 

 

                                                                                                            

 

 

Benefits of using zeolite in date storage rooms:

In the event that quantities of zeolite are placed in storage rooms, the following works:

Absorb excess moisture in stocks.

Absorb harmful gases from the atmosphere of stores.

This treatment helps to prolong the storage period, preserve the quality of dates, as well as to preserve dates during long-distance transportation.

 

  • 100% natural mineral material without colouring agents,                                                                                   aquainsert teaser 60cba43c039797e0bd8eecd12d66a704-1

         additives and chemical components   

  •  traps harmful substances, mainly ammonia produced during

         decomposition of organic residues,urine and animal excrements.

  • non-toxic and non-allergenic material that is fully ecological prevents algae growth.
  • maintains water purity in your aquarium and biologically beneficial conditions.
  • aesthetical and decoration .

 

 

 

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PROPERTIES :

  • ZEOFISH is a biological combination product of Zeolite and beneficial microorganism successfully utilized in aquaculture all over the world.

 

 

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 INDICATIONS:

 


  • Discompose plant ground and other organic matter in ponds.
  • Absorption of Ammonia (NH3), Nitrogen dioxide (NO2), Hydrogen sulfide (H2S).
  • Remove heavy metal and reduce toxin caused by used chemicals.
  • Improvement in dissolved oxygen level and maintenance of water quality.
  • Establishment of beneficial microorganism and suppression of pathogens.

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ZEOPONIC

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Natural zeolites have unique physical and chemical properties, which make them attractive for use in slow-release fertilisation for plants, zeoponic plant growth substrates,and soil conditioning and remediation.

Zeoponic substrates are defined as artificial soils in which zeolites are a major component.

 

 

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Zeoponic Materials

 

 While zeolites have several properties that make them highly useful minerals, they can be chemically modified to make them even more effective. In fact, one of the most successful uses of zeolites have been in "zeoponic" systems that utilize modified natural zeolite rather than strictly raw natural zeolite. The best example of this is zeolite used for plant growth applications.  By changing the composition of the ion exchange sites and by "loading" the sites with selected nutrient cations, zeolites can become an excellent plant growth medium.  Other enhancements can also be done to modify the properties.  Combined with slowly dissolving materials (such as synthetic and/or natural nutrient anions), these nutrient-enhanced zeoponic materials supply plant roots with additional vital nutrient cations and anions.  Most importantly, these nutrients are provided in a slow-release, plant root demand-driven fashion.  How does it work?  Basically, the process is a combination of dissolution and ion exchange reactions.  The absorption of nutrients from the soil solution by plant roots drives the dissolution and ion exchange reactions, pulling away nutrients as needed. The zeolite is then "recharged" by the addition of more dissolved nutrients.  In effect, zeoponic systems increase nutrient retention, reduce environmental nutrient losses and reduce fertilizer requirements by establishing a replenishable and balanced nutrient supply in the plant root zone.

 

 

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ADVANTAGES ZEOPONIC

 

 

  1.      An inexpensive, multi purpose product that gets truly amazing results
  2.     Can be combine with all type of fertilizer
  3.     Increase costs-effectiveness up to 50% (Reduce total fertilizer cost)
  4.     Increase product output up to 80%
  5.     Prevent loss of fertilizer nutrients (Not effected by rain or high temperature)
  6.     Balances the pH level of soils (soil conditioner)
  7.     High cation exchange capacity (CEC)
  8.     Increase crop’s immunity towards crops diseases
  9.     Improves aeration and irrigation significantly
  10.     100% natural and organic
  11.     Absorbs and holds potentially harmful or toxic substances
  12.     Contain both Macro and Micro Nutrients
  13.     Suitable for all kinds of crops (palm oil, coconut, paddy, fruit tree, etc)
  14.     Reduces the chance of root burning from excess ammonia
  15.     Improves ammonia retention and reduces nitrogen losses

 

 

 

 

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ZEOFEED

The Green ZeoFeed product is used as a feed additive for livestock  and poultry to support growth:

  • Improve their immune systems and ensure the good health of farm livestock.
  • Improve weight gain of animal in short time.
  • Natural product ZeoFeed for animal feed can be added into colostrum to calves. ZeoFeed for animal nutrition stimulates intestinal mucosa, intestinal peristalsis.

 

The use of Green ZeoFeed in breeding animals and breeding birds is an example of one of the most effective fields of application of zeolite :

  • Reduction of odor of natural residues 
  • Detoxification of the body 
  • Prevention and control of gastrointestinal problems
  • Substantial increase in breaking resistance of eggs
  • Elimination of microtoxins in milk (including aflatoxin)
  • Reducing or eliminating unpleasant odors (absorbs ammonia, the main source of unpleasant odors)
  • Increase the resistance of feed bales by controlling humidity
  • Humidity control in food stores (prevents sticking to wet surfaces, mold installation, larvae growth)
  • buffering effect to stabilize the pH of the digestive tract, reduces the risk of acidosis.
  • ZeoFeed through its ion-exchange activity has buffering effect on pH stability of the rumen / digestive tract. It eliminates the emerging of acidosis, which cause a decrease in performance of the animals.

 

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Animal feed additive application:

  • Direct incorporation into the complete feed mixture.

  • Animal feed additive ZeoFeed can be added to complete the formulation, or by substitution of one component of a complete feed formulations.

 

 

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Recomended:

 

Zeofeed used as feed additives is zero " Powder "

 

 

 

 

 

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SUPER ZEOGREEN

  • Nutritional supplement for plants.
  • It participates with essential chemical elements Si, Fe, Ca, Mg, Na, K, P, Cu, Zn, in the process of plant metabolism.
  • Seeds have a high germination rate.
  • Strong development of the root system, especially during shoots.
  • Enrichment of natural fertilizer.
  • By their basic character they neutralize the excessive acidity of some soils.
  • By its hydrophilic nature, it easily retains the water during wet periods and releases it gradually during the dry season.
  • Through ion exchange properties, it stores active elements (macro and microelements: K , Cu , Zn , Mn , etc.) that it releases slowly into the soil.

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ZEOGREEN

 

  • It is specifically intended as soil conditioners to aerate soil

        and improve soil water and nutrient retention.                                                                                       agriculture-asia-autumn-barley-236473

 

  • ZeoGreen is very efficient moisture retaining soil additive, consisting

        of fully natural zeolites and mineral material.

 

  •  ZeoGreen has very high-water holding capacity due to its natural structure.

 

  • Owing to ZeoGreen unique structure, this soil additive exhibits:

 

1- excellent ion-exchange properties.

 

2- enables reversible hydration and dehydration.

 

3- binds and slowly releases nutrients into the soil.

 

4- makes effective use of fertilizer nutrients (NPK fertilizers).

 

 

 

 

 

                      

 

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 Benefits of ZeoGreen

 

1- High ion exchange capacity

2- High water holding capacity (help reduce watering by  retaining soil water).

3- Improve the soil structure and increases the water holding capacity of the soils to the extent that

     infiltration speed of irrigation water will be reduced by up to 80%.


4- Easily absorb and store huge amounts of irrigation water and it prevents this water from percolating uselessly deep into the                ground as ZeoGreen keep it at the root level. 


5- High yield by improving productivity of fruits and crops (making fertilizers more effective)

6- Hold and slow releases valuable plant nutrients preventing fertilizers leaching.

7- Support beneficial microbe activity in the soil Improve aeration of the soil and minimize compaction

8- Improve and facilitates strong root system growth Adsorption of ammonia and heavy metals.

9- Positively control soil pH.

 

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Common uses of ZeoGreen

 

  • Palm Trees
  • Fruit Trees
  • Green Houses
  • Turf Grass and Golf Yards
  • Garden, Nursery Bed
  • Crops
  • Organic Farms
  • Vegetables

Zeolites are microporous crystalline solids with well-defined structures. Generally they contain silicon, aluminium and oxygen in their framework and cations, water and/or other molecules wthin their pores. Many occur naturally as minerals, and are extensively mined in many parts of the world. Others are synthetic, and are made commercially for specific uses, or produced by research scientists trying to understand more about their chemistry.

Because of their unique porous properties, zeolites are used in a variety of applications with a global market of several million tonnes per annum. In the western world, major uses are in petrochemical cracking, ion-exchange (water softening and purification), and in the separation and removal of gases and solvents. Other applications are in agriculture, animal husbandry and construction. They are often also referred to as molecular sieves.

                                                         

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Structural formula

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A defining feature of zeolites is that their frameworks are made up of 4-connected networks of atoms. One way of thinking about this is in terms of tetrahedra, with a silicon atom in the middle and oxygen atoms at the corners. These tetrahedra can then link together by their corners (see illustration) to from a rich variety of beautiful structures. The framework structure may contain linked cages, cavities or channels, which are of the right size to allow small molecules to enter - i.e. the limiting pore sizes are roughly between 3 and 10 Å in diameter.

In all, over 130 different framework structures are now known. In addition to having silicon or aluminium as the tetrahedral atom, other compositions have also been synthesised, including the growing category of microporous aluminophosphates, known as ALPOs.

 

                                                                

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Catalysis

 

 

Zeolites have the ability to act as catalysts for chemical reactions which take place within the internal cavities. 
An import
ant class of reactions is that catalysed by hydrogen-exchanged zeolites, whose framework-bound protons give rise to very high acidity. This is exploited in many organic reactions, including crude oil cracking, isomerisation and fuel synthesis. Zeolites canalso serve as oxidation or reduction catalysts, often after metals have been introduced into the framework. Examplesare the use of titanium ZSM-5 in the production of caprolactam, and copper zeolites in NOx decomposition.

Underpinning all these types of reaction is the unique microporous nature of zeolites, where the shape and size of a particular pore system exerts a steric influence on the reaction, controlling the access of reactants and products. Thus zeolites are often said to act as shape-selective catalysts. Increasingly, attention has focused on fine-tuning the properties of zeolite catalysts in order to carry out very specific syntheses of high-value chemicals e.g. pharmaceuticals and cosmetics.

 

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Adsorption and Separation

 

 

 

 

     

 

 

The shape-selective properties of zeolites are also the basis for their use in   molecular adsorption. The ability preferentially to adsorb certain molecules, while excluding others, has opened up a wide range of molecular sieving applications. Sometimes it is simply a matter of the size and shape of pores controlling access into the zeolite. In other cases different types of molecule enter the zeolite, but some diffuse through the channels more quickly, leaving others stuck behind, as in the purification of para-xylene. As shown in the picture on the left, the shape of para-xylene means that it can diffuse freely in the channels of silicalite while the other isomers get stuck.

Cation-containing zeolites are extensively used as desiccants due to their high affinity for water, and also find application in gas separation, where molecules are differentiated on the basis of their electrostatic interactions with the metal ions. Conversely, hydrophobic silica zeolites preferentially absorb organic solvents. Zeolites can thus separate molecules based on differences of size, shape and polarity.

 

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Zeolites and the Environment

 

 

 

 

Zeolites contribute to a cleaner, safer environment in a great number of ways. In fact nearly every application of zeolites has been driven by environmental concerns, or plays a significant role in reducing toxic waste and energy consumption.In powder detergents, zeolites replaced harmful phosphate builders, now banned in many parts of the world because of water pollution risks. Catalysts, by definition, make a chemical process more efficient, thus saving energy and indirectly reducing pollution. Moreover, processes can be carried out in fewer steps, miminising unecessary waste and by-products. As solid acids, zeolites reduce the need for corrosive liquid acids, and as redox catalysts and sorbents, they can remove atmospheric pollutants, such as engine exahust gases and ozone-depleting CFCs. Zeolites can also be used to separate harmful organics from water, and in removing heavy metal ions, including those produced by nuclear fission, from water.

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